IWEP expert told Tengrinews.kz about the results of the G20 summit

The leaders of the largest economies of the world who participated in the summit managed to reach a compromise to preserve the principles of free trade and open markets. In particular, an agreement on the non-use of protectionist measures in circumvention of the WTO rules was reached, supported by all member countries of the club, including the United States. As it is well known, the new administration in Washington are in favor of restricting imports to the US and are considering the possibility of raising taxes and import duties, which could lead to a significant change in the rules of the world trade.

It should be understood though that the agreement has been drawn up in the form of a communiqué and is non-binding. Nevertheless, the US adherence to the statement about the preservation of open markets is a positive signal for the markets and helps reduce the likelihood of trade wars between America and other players. For Kazakhstan, an active participant in the world economy, the stability of the system is an important condition for growth forecasts.

Another important result for world politics was achieved following the first meeting between the presidents of Russia and the United States, V. Putin and D. Trump, held on the sidelines of the G20 summit. We are talking about the process of the Syrian settlement, namely, Moscow and Washington agreed to establish a de-escalation zone in the south-west of Syria. So, at noon on July 9, the regime for the cessation of hostilities was introduced in three southern provinces of Syria. Jordan will also participate in the implementation of the ceasefire in southern Syria.

It should be remembered that in accordance with the May agreements in Astana, four security zones have been created in Syria: from north to south it's a zone in the province of Idlib, a zone to the north of the city of Homs, zones in East Gut (suburb of Damascus) and in the south-west of the country.

It is important to note that the very fact of reaching such an agreement is an obvious progress in the settlement of the Syrian conflict, which demonstrates that the US and Russia can realize the existing potential for cooperation in the field of combating terrorism. In particular, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson called these agreements "the first sign that the United States and Russia can work together in Syria."

Moscow and Washington are thus taking an important step towards ending the conflict and reducing the level of violence in Syria. The new agreement between Russia and the United States also consolidates the Astana process, in which measures are being taken to cease fire in Syria on the whole. If successful, this experience of cooperation can be expanded to other areas. In addition, the stabilization of the ceasefire will obviously give a new positive impetus to the talks in Geneva, where the political future of the Syrian republic is going to be decided.

It is still unclear how stable this new agreement will be. It is known that all previous agreements were violated by one or the other party. Therefore, it is important to follow up on the results.

Nevertheless, the long-awaited meeting between D.Trump and V.Putin gives hope, if not for the normalization of relations, then for the beginning of a political dialogue between the United States and Russia, which is a required condition for reducing geopolitical tensions in international relations.